Rubella is a usually mild contagious viral disease characterized by fever, mild upper respiratory congestion, and a fine red rash lasting a few days: if contracted by a woman during early pregnancy, it may cause serious damage to the fetus. Rubella is also called as German measles or three-day measles.
Rubella infection in the first trimester of pregnancy can lead to fetal death, premature delivery, and serious birth defects.
Rubella is a viral illness that causes a skin rash and joint pain. A rubella infection is mild for most people, but can cause death or birth defects in an unborn baby. The rubella vaccine is available in combined vaccines that also contain vaccines against other serious and potentially fatal diseases.
A rubella blood test detects antibodies that are made by the immune system to help kill the rubella virus. These antibodies remain in the bloodstream for years. The presence of certain antibodies means a recent infection, a past infection, or that you have been vaccinated against the disease.
Rubella is caused by a virus that is spread from person to person when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Rubella is also spread by direct contact with the nose or throat secretions of an infected person.
No treatment will shorten the course of rubella infection, and symptoms are often so mild that treatment usually isn't necessary. However, doctors often recommend isolation from others, especially to pregnant women during the infectious period.