Sanitation and sterilization are the basic tenets of healthcare services and institutions. In hospitals, sanitation is performed meticulously to ensure that a clean, healthy, and the disinfected environment is created for patients, staff, and visitors alike. To achieve this, a rigorous sanitation program is put in order which involves cleaning, disinfection, and sterilization. While hospitals have trained professionals and advanced equipment to aid them with this cause, how can you ensure similar levels of critical sanitation at your home with home-care patients? On first look, maintaining extremely high levels of sanitation which hospitals are renowned for at home seems like an impossible task. However, with careful planning and medical sanitation equipment available online, you can replicate a hospital-like healthy and clean environment for a sick family member at home while simultaneously ensuring that any infection or disease does not spread to healthy members at home.
Understanding the procedures Cleaning – This is the process of complete removal of dirt, dust, waste, and foreign material from surfaces, equipment, clothes, objects, and the body.
Disinfection – This is the process of removal of microbes from the equipment, surfaces, objects, body, etc. Disinfection, however, does not destroy all microbes.
Sterilization – This is the process of the complete elimination of all microorganisms on the body, surfaces, objects, equipment, etc. While incorporating all these procedures, especially sterilization, might not be viable at home, one can still follow certain instructions and use certain medical sanitation equipment and instruments to achieve a healthy, clean environment for home-care patients. Let’s have a look. Tips for domestic sanitation and decontamination
- Clean surfaces, washrooms, and kitchens with antibacterial or bleaching agents. Create a daily cleaning and sanitation routine.
- Clean the medical instruments at home before and after usage. The recent 3M Littmann stethoscope you recently purchased might work exceptionally well but it defeats the purpose if it is not kept clean. Use a disinfectant solution if possible. For bottles, glass, and appropriate instruments, microwaving also sterilizes them with non-ionizing radiation.
- Use rubber gloves while handling the patients or anything they have come in contact with.
- Have an efficient waste disposal method at home where medical waste, especially one generated by the patient, is separately stored and disposed of.
- Use air purifiers to keep the air dust and pollution-free.
- Wash the patient’s linen and cutlery separately and with a disinfecting agent mixed with the detergent.
- Buy fogger machine for effective sanitization of your home – especially the area where the patient spends the most time. A fogger machine effectively disperses disinfecting and sanitizing liquid in the form of a mist across the concerned area.